Pediatric Eye Exams
It is extremely important for children to have regular eye exams. Approximately 25% of school-aged children have vision issues. Early identification is crucial because, if left untreated, some childhood vision problems can cause permanent loss of vision.
In American classrooms, about 80% of what your child learns is presented visually. Undetected vision problems can put them at a significant disadvantage. Children with no known eye concerns should receive eye exams every two years. Children with a prescription for eyeglasses or contact lenses, those who have other risk factors, should be examined at least once a year. Risk factors include:
- premature birth or developmental delays
- turned or crossed eyes
- history of eye injury, illness or disease
- family history of eye disease
When scheduling an eye exam, it’s best to choose a time when your child is usually alert and happy. Specifics of how eye exams are conducted depend on your child’s age, but an exam generally will involve a case history, vision testing, determination of whether eyeglasses are needed, testing of eye alignment, an eye health examination and a consultation with you regarding the findings.
Be sure to tell your eye doctor if your child has a any of the following
- delayed motor development,
- frequent eye rubbing or blinking
- trouble maintaining eye contact or a fixation while looking at objects,
- poor eye tracking skills
- failed a pediatrician or pre-school vision screening
- previous eye disease or injury
- family history of eye problems
Common pediatric eye problems
Besides looking for vision issues, we will examine your child’s eyes for signs of these common eye and vision problems found in young children:
- Amblyopia – sometimes called “lazy eye” this is the reduced vision in one or both eyes, despite the absence of any eye health problem or damage. Amblyopia can be caused by strabismus (eye muscle defect) or a significant difference in the refractive errors of the two eyes. Treatment may include patching the dominant eye to strengthen the weaker eye.
- This is misalignment of the eyes, usually caused by a congenital defect in the muscles that are attached to the eye and control its positioning and movement. If left untreated, strabismus can cause amblyopia. Depending on its cause and severity, surgery may be required to treat strabismus.
- Convergence insufficiency.This is the inability to keep the eyes comfortably aligned for reading and other tasks that require near vision. It can usually be successfully treated with a specific program of eye exercises.
- Focusing problems.Also called accommodation problems, this condition makes it difficult to changing focus from distance to near and back again. It also makes reading difficult. These problems often can be successfully treated with specific eye exercises.
Why Belcara Health?
Belcara Health Ophthalmology offers the most technologically advanced diagnostic exams, treatments and procedures in ophthalmology available today. Lead by Dr. Richard Adler, our experienced staff in Baltimore, Maryland, is dedicated to providing the highest quality of care to help you and your family maintain healthy eyes and clear vision. Dr. Adler is board certified in Ophthalmology. He trained at leading institutions, including University of Pennsylvania and Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and has over 20 years of experience in patient care.
Schedule your child’s eye exam with Dr. Adler today by calling 410.296.0414 or contact us online.